Glossary for South East Asian Cuisine

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DRIED & PRESERVED INGREDIENTS
English Malay Chinese
Dried black dates Kurma hitam Kering Hei Zao
Dried red dates Kurma merah kering Hong Zao
Dried cutterfish Sotong kering Mo Yu Gan
Dried duck Itik kering La Ya
Dried flat fish Ikan sebelah kering Bi Mu Yu Gan
Dried Lily buds Lily kering tunas Ji Zhun
Dried octopus Sotong kering Zhang Yu Gan
Dried orange peel Kulit limau manis kering Gan Chen Pi
Dried oysters Tiram kering Hao Gan
Dried prawns Udang kering Xia Gan
Dried salted vegetable Sayoh asin kering Mei Cai
Dried Seaweed Rumput laut kering Fa Cai
Dried squid Sotong You Yu
Dried wax gourd Gula kundor manis Dong Gua Tang
Dried vegetable Sayoh kering Cai Gan
Dried Longan meat Lengkeng kering daging Yuan Rou
Dried bean curd skins Kulit tahu Fu Pi
Dried bean curd strips Perut tahu Fu Zhu
Preserved black soy bean Tau si Dou Chi
Preserved Chili black soy bean cube Tau Si Chili Dou Chi La Jiao Jiang
Preserved salted soy bean Taucheo Dou Jiang
Preserved red soy bean cube Tau Ju Rou Ru
Preserved Chinese apricot Apricot kering Suan Mei
Preserved soy bean cube Hu Ju Fu Ru
Preserved dates Kurma Mi Zao
Preserved radish Lobak jerok Cai Pu
Preserved sweet ginger Halia manis Suan Tian Jiang
Preserved sweet red ginger Halia merah manis Suan Tian Hong Jiang
Preserved vegetable Sayoran jerok Dong Cai
Preserved tofu (stinky) Diawetkan tahu Chou Dou Fu
FISH & SEAFOOD
Barracuda Ikan Alu Sha Jun Yu
Black pomfret Ikan Bawal Hita Hei Chang Yu
Black trevally Ikan Deban Zhi Xian Yu
Catfish Ikan Duri Cheng Yu
Carp Ikan Gurami (Karp) Li Yu
Chinese pomfret Ikan Bawal Tambak Chang Yu
Chubb mackerel Ikan Kambong Gan Wang Yu
Coral Bream Ikan Asoh Long Zhan Yu
Finless Eel Ikan Belot Shan Yu
Coral fish Ikan Delah Fan Shu Yu
Golden snapper Ikan Ungar Hong Cao Yu
Grass carp Kap rumput Cao Yu
Grey Mullet Ikan Belanak Hei Yu
Grouper Ikan Kerapu Shi Ban Yu
Grunter Ikan Gerut Shi Lu Yu
Hair Tail Ikan Selayu Dai Yu
Herring or Malayan Shad Ikan Terubok Ci Ke Yu
Horse mackerel Ikan Selah Shi Lu Yu
Jew fish Ikan Gelama Wu La Ma yu
Lizard fish Ikan Belungkur Li Ge Yu
Marble gobe Sun Ke Yu
Moonfish Ikan Cermin Zhao Ming Yu
Queen fish Ikan Talang San Bao Gong Yu
Red Goat Fish Biji Nangka Hong Zai Yu
Red snapper Ikan Merah Hong Ki Yu
Round herring/Sardine Ikan Tamban Sha Din
Sea Bream Ikan Kerisi Hong Ge Li
Sea Bass Ikan Siakap
Scad, Big-eyed Ikan Selar Da Mu Long
Scad, Round Ikan Selayang Diao Ying Yu
Shark Ikan Yu Sha Yu
Silver belly Ikan Kledek Ge Ge Yu
Silver carp Lian Yu
Skipjack Ikan Tongkol Yin Yuan Yu
Smelt Ikan Bulus Sha Jian Yu
Snake head Ikan Haruan Sheng Yu
Snapper Ikan Tanda Ji Yu
Sole Ikan Sebelah Bi Mu Yu
Spotted Spanish mackerel Ikan Tenggeri Papan Ma Jiao Pan Yu
Sprat Ikan Tamban Dan Man Yu
Spanish mackerel Ikan Tenggiri Ma Jian Yu
Sting-Ray Ikan Pari Hong Yu
Threadfin Ikan Kurau Wu Yu
Tilapia Tilapia
Torpedo fish/Hard tail Ikan Cencaru Ying Wei Yu
Trevally Ikan Dengkis Bai Du
Tuna fish Tuna Jin Qiang Yu
White bait Ikan Bilis Yin Yu
White pomfret Ikan Bawal Putih Bai Chang Yu
Wolf herring/Dorab Ikan Parang Xi Dao Yu
Yellow (Gold) banded scad Ikan Kuning Kun Ling Yu
Seafood & Others
Abalone Abalone Bao Yu
Blue flowery crab Ketam Renjong Hua Pang Xie
Clam Kupang Da Tou
Cockles Kerang Han
Crayfish Udang besar Xiao Long Xia
Cutterfish Sotong Mo Yu
Fish ball Bola Ikan Yu Wan
Fish fillet Ikan Yu Rou
Fish paste Pes Ikan Yu Jiang
Fish roe Telur Ikan Yu Luan
Frog legs Kaki Kapak Tian Ji Jiao
Land crab Ketam Batu Pang Xie
Lobster Udang Karang Long Xia
Jellyfish Ampai-ampai (Ubur-ubur) Hai Zhe
Oyster Kepah Hao
Prawn Udang Xia
Shrimp Udang kecil
Squid Sotong Wu Zei
FLOUR
English Malay Chinese
Flour Tepong gandum Mian Fen
Black bean powder Tepong kacang hitam Hei Dou Fen
Chickpea flour Besan Ji Jai Dou Fen
Cornflour or Cornstarch Tepong jagung Yu Shu Fen
Glutinous rice flour Tepong pulut Nuo Mi Fen
Green pea flour Tepong hoen kuih Lu Dou Fen
Non-glutinous wheat flour Atta Mai Fen
Rice flour Tepong beras Zhan Mi Fen
Sago flour Tepong sago Sha E Fen
Self-raising flour Tepong naik sendiri Zhi Fa Mian Fen
Tapioca flour Tepong ubi Shu Fen
Tempura flour Tepong Udang Re Ben Xia Fen
Water chestnut flour Tepong Sengkuang Cina Ma Ti Fen
FRUITS
English Malay Chinese
Apricot Buah apricot Huang Mei
Avocado Alpukat Eli
Banana Pisang Xiang Jiao
Blueberry Blueberry Lan Mei
Blackberry Blackberry Hei Mei
Chempedak Chempedak Zhen Mi Li
Cherry Ceri Ying Tao
Coconut Kelapa Ye Zi
Custard Apple/Sugar Apple Gula Epal Shi Jia
Date Kurma Zao
Dragon fruit Buah Naga Huo Long Guo
Duku/Sapodilla Duku
Durian Durian Liu Lian
Grapes Anggur Pu Tao
Guava Jambu biji Fan Shi Liu
Honeydew melon Honeydew melon Mi Gua
Kiwi Kiwi Mi Hou Tao
Winter melon Labu Kundur Dong Gua
Jackfruit Nangka Bo Luo Mi
Langsat Langsat
Local lime Limau Kesturi Suan Gan
Local lemon Limau nipis Ning Meng
Longan Longan Long Yan
Lychee Lychi Li Zhi
Mango Mangga Mang Guo
Mangosteen Manggis San Zhu
Mata Kuching Mata Kuching Ben Di Long Yan
Orange Limau Manis Chen
Papaya Betik Mu Gua
Passion fruit Markisa Bai Xiang Guo
Peach Peach Tao
Pear Pear Li
Pineapple Nanas Bo Luo
Pomegranate Buah Delima Shi Liu
Pomelo Limau Bali You
Rambutan Rambutan Hong Mao Dan
Raspberry Buah raspberry Fu Pen Zi
Plum Plam Mei
Snake fruit Salak
Star fruit Belimbing Yang Tao
Sour star fruit Belimbing Suan Yang Tao
Soursop Durian Belanda Fan Liu Lian
Strawberry Stroberi Mei
Sugarcane Tebu Gan Zhe
Watermelon Melikai Gua
INGREDIENTS
English Malay Chinese
Agar-Agar powder Tepong Agar-Agar Yan Cai Jing
Almond Badam Xing Ren
Almond Essence Esen badam Xing Ren Xiang Jing
Aniseed Jintan Manis Da Hui Xiang
Apricot Jam Apricot Jem Huang Mei
Baking powder Serbuk penaik Fa Fen
Barley Beras barli Yu Mi
Basmati Rice Patna Yin Du Mi
Bird’s nest Sarang burung Yan Wo
Black beans Kachang hitam Hei Dou
Black peppercorn Lada biji hitam Hei Hu Jian Lu
Black shrimp paste Petis Xia Gao
Black vinegar Cuka pekat Hei Cu
Brown sugar Gula Timbang Hei Tang
Butter Mentega Niu You
Candlenuts Buah Keras Ma Jia La
Cardamom Buah pelage Dou Kao
Cashew nuts Biji gajus Yao Zi Dou
Chestnuts Buah Berangan Li Zi
Chickpeas Kacang Cick Ji Jai Dou
Coriander seeds biji-biji ketumber Xiangcai Zhongzi
Bird’s eye chili Chili Padi Zhi Tian Jiao
Dried chili Chili kering La Jiao Gan
Green chili Chili hijau Qing La Jiao
Chili oil Chili minyak La Jiao you
Chili paste Pes chili La Jiao Gao
Chili powder Tepong Chili La Jiao Fen
Chili sauce Chili sos Li Jiao Jiang
Chinese rice wine Mi Jiu
Cinnamon powder Tepong Cinnamon Gui Pi Fen
Cinnamon stick Batang Kulit Kayu Manis Gui Pi
Cloves Bunga cengkih Ding Xiang
Coconut Kelapa Ye Zi
Coconut creme Kreme Kelapa Guan Tou Ye Zhi
Coconut milk Ye Zhi
First milk Pati Ye Zhi
Second milk Santan Ye Zhi
Coffee powder Tepong Kopi Ka Fei Fen
Condensed milk Susu Pekat Lian Ru
Corn flakes Emping Jagung Yu Shu Pian
Corn oil Minyak Jagung Shu Mi You
Cream of Tartar Kerim Tartar Da Da Jiang
Whipped Cream Kerima
Cumin Jintan Putih Xiao Hui Xiang
Curry powder Tepong Kari Ga Li Fen
Dark soy sauce Kicap Hei Jiang You
Light soy sauce Kicap Jiang Qing
Dried black dates Kurma Hitam Kering Hei Zao
Dried red dates Kurma Merah Kering Hong Zao
Dhal Kacang dal Yin Du Pian Dou
Dried Lily buds Lily Kering Tunas Jin Zhen
Dried orange peel Kulit limau manis kering Gan Chen Pi
Dried salted vegetable Sayoh asin kering Mei Cai
Dried seaweed Rumput Laut Kering Fa Cai
Egg Telur Dan
Century egg Telur awitan Pi Dan
Chicken egg Telur ayam Ji Dan
Duck egg Telur itik Ya Dan
Salted egg Telur asin Xian Dan
Quail egg Telur Burung Puyoh A Cun Dan
Egg white Putih telur Dan Bai
Egg yolk Kuning telur Dan Huang
Evaporated milk Susu Sejat Xian Nai
Fennel seed Jintan hitam Hui Xiang Zi
Fenugreek Halba Hui Xiang Hua
Fish curry powder Tepong Kari Ikan Ga Li Yu Fen
Fish sauce Kicap Ikan Yu Lu
Five spice powder Srbuk Lima Rempah Wu Xiang Fen
Fragrant rice Beras Xiang Fen
Galangal Lengkuas Lan Jian
Garlic Bawang Putih Suan Tou
Gelatine Gelatin Guo Dong
Ghee Minyak Sapi Niu You
Ginger Halia Jiang
Gingko nuts Peck Kway Bai Guo
Glutinous rice Pulut Nuo Mi
Green bean paste Pes Kacang Hijau Lu Dou Geng
Green bean Kacang hijau Lu Dou
Groundnut/Peanut Kacang Tanah Hua Sheng
Groundnut/Peanut oil Minyak Kacang Tanah Hua Shen You
Hoisin Sauce Hoisin sos Hai Xing Jiang
Honey Madu Feng Mi
Indonesian black nuts Buah Keluak Pa Ce La
Jelly crystals Jelly Guo Zi Dong
Lee & Perrins Worchestershire Sauce Lee & Perrins Worchestershire
Lemon essence Esen Limau Kuning Ning Meng Xiang Jing
Lentils Kacang dal Yin Du Pian Dou
Lime paste Limau kesturi Suan Gan
Lotus seed Buah teratai Lian Zi
Lotus seed paste Pes Buah Teratai Lian Rong
Macaroni Macaroni Tong Xin Fen
Margarine Marjarin Cai You
Marmalade Jem Limau Manis Chen Pi Jiang
Mayonnaise Mayonis Sha Lu You
Monosodium Glutamate Serbok Perasa Wei Jing
Black dried fungus Cendawan Telinga Tikus hitam Hei Mu Er
Chinese black dried mushrooms Cendawan Hitam Kering Mu Er
Cloud ear fungus Cendawan Telinga Tikus Mu Er
Golden fungus Cendawan Telinga Tikus Kuning Huang Mu Er
White dried fungus Cendawan Telinga Tikus Putih Xian Cao Gu
Mushroom soy sauce Kicap Cendawan Cao Gu Jiang
Mustard Kerim Mustard Jie Mo
Mustard seeds Biji sawi Jie La Zi
Nutmeg Buah pala Dou Kao
Oats Oat Mai Pian
Oyster sauce Kepah Hao You
Palm sauce Gula Melaka Ye Tang
Pearl barley Beras barli Yi Mi
Peanut Kacang Tanah Hua Sheng
Peanut Butter Jem Kacang Tanah Hua Sheng Jiang
Black pepper Lada Hitam Hei Hu Jiao
White pepper Lada Putih Bai Hu Jiao
Pepper powder Tepon Lada Putih Hu Jiao Fen
Peppercorn Lada biji Hu Jiao Li
Pimentoes Buah Zaitan Gan Lan
Pineapple Jam Jem nanas Feng Li Jiang
Plum sauce Plam sos Mei Jiang
Poppy seed Biji Kas-Kas Ying Li Zi
Pumpkin seeds Kua ci Lan Gua Zi
Raisins Buah Kismis Pu Tao Gan
Red beans Kacang Merah Hong Dou
Rice Beras Mi
Rock sugar Gula Batu Bing Tang
Rose essence Esen ros Mei Gui Xiang Jing
Rose water Air ros Mei Gui Xiang Shui
Saffron Safron Huang Jiang
Sago Sago Biji Sha E Mi
Salt Asin Yan
Salted cabbage Kobis Asin Mei Cai
Salted lemon Limau Asin Xian Ning Meng
Salted plum Plam Asin Xian Mei
Salted preserved mustard Sawi Asin Xian Cai
Sesame oil Minyak Bijian Ma You
Sesame seed Bijian Zhi Ma
Sesame paste Kicap Bijan Zhi Ma Jiang
Shallots Bawang Merah Kechil Xiao Yang Cong
Sherry Sherry
Shrimp paste Belacan Ba La Jian
Soy sauce Kicap Jiang You
Japanese bean curd Tahu Jepon Re Ben Dou Fu
Soft soy bean cake Tahu Lembik Dou Fu
Soy bean cake Taukwa Dou Fu Gan
Sweet dried bean curd strip Perut tahu manis Tian Dou Fu Zhu
Yellow soy bean cake Tahu Kuning Huang Dou Gan
Spring roll wrappers Kulit popiah Bao Ping Pi
Fermented soy bean cakes Tempeh Fe Jio Huang Dou
Fried spongy soy bean cubes Tahu Kering Dou Fu Pao
Star anise Bunga Lawang Ba Jiao
String hoppers Putu Mayam
Sunflower seed Biji Bunga Matahari Xiang Re Kui Zi
Brown sugar Gula Timbang Huang Tang
Castor sugar Gula Kastor Si Bai Tang
Granulated sugar Gula Pasir Sha Tang
Icing sugar Gula Icing Tang Xuang
Rock sugar Gula Batu Bing Tang
Slab sugar Gula Emping Pian Tang
Tamarind Assam A Shen
Tamarind juice Air Assam A Shen Shui
Tamarind paste Pes Assam A Shen Jiang
Tamarind slices Assam Gelugor A Shen Pian
Tomato sauce Fan Qie Jiang
Tomato paste Fan Qie Jiang
Turmeric Kunyit Huang Jiang
Vanilla essence Esen Vanilla Xiang Jing
Black vinegar Cuka Pekat Hei Cu
Red vinegar Cuka Merah Hong Cu
Sweet vinegar Cuka Manis Tian Cu
White vinegar Cuka Putih Bai Cu
White wine Mi Jiu
Yeast Ragi Jiao Bing
Yogurt Tairu Fa Jiao Niu Nai
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