Glossary of Peranakan Terms

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Peranakan Name
Common Name and Description
Acar Timun
Spicy pickled tube and root vegetables
Agar-agar
It is a refined seaweed used in making jelly
Air Kapor
Alkaline water or slaked lime solution
Air Mawar
Rose water made from rose petals
Aniseed
Known as Jintan Manis – it is the seed of the 
Star Anise, use it as a spice
Assam Jawa
Tamarind Pulp with water to produce juice
Assam Keping
Assam Gelugor (Dried tamarind slices)
Bawang Merah
Shallots/very small onions
Bayam
Spinach (Yin Choy)
Belacan
Dried Shrimp Paste
Belimbing
Carambola
Bendi
Okra a.k.a. Ladies’ Fingers
Bihun
Vermicelli (Mai Fun/Bee Hoon)
Biji Kas Kas
Poppy seeds
Biji Lada Hitam
Black peppercorns
Biji Lada Putih
White peppercorns
Biji Sawi
Mustard seeds
Bijian
Sesame seeds (Mah Yow)
Bok Jee
Black fungus (Mok Yee)
Broccoli florets
Kai Lan Fah
Buah Gajus
Cashew nuts
Buah Keloh
Murungakai (Drumstick-a long pod stick,
mainly used in Indian curries)
Buah Keluak
A black colored hard shell fruit filled with dark
meat bears from a Kepayang tree (Pangium Edule)
Buah Keras
Candlenuts – used as a thickening for curries
Buah Pala
Nutmeg
Buah Pelaga
Cardamom
Bunga Cengkeh
Cloves
Bunga Kantan
Ginger bud/flower
Bunga Lawang
Star Anise – A star-shaped spice.
Calamansi
Alike lime
Califlower
Pau Choy Fan
Chap Chai
Mixed Vegetable Dish
Cili Hijau
Fresh green finger chilies
Cili Kering
Dried red chilies
Cili Merah
Fresh red finger chilies
Cili Padi
Bird’s eye chilies
Cincalok
Fermented baby shrimps
Cincau
Black glass jelly (Made from seaweeds)
Cuka
Vinegar
Daging Kambing
Mutton – meat of goat/sheep
Daun Kadok
A special leaves from herbal tree
Daun Kari
Curry leaf (Karuvapillal)
Daun Kesom
Polygonum
Daun Ketumbar
Coriander leaves/cilantro (Wan Swee)
Daun Kuchai
Chives
Daun Kunyit
Turmeric leaves
Daun Limau Perut
Kaffir lime leaves
Daun Pandan
Screwpine leaves (Pandanus)
Daun Pegaga
Leaves of a herbal plant
Daun Pudina
Mint leaves
Daun Selasih
Basil leaves
Foo Chok
Dried beancurd stick
Foo Chok Pei
Dried beancurd sheet
Garam
Salt
Gor Heong Hoon
Five spice powder
Gula Batu
Rock sugar
Gula Melaka
Palm sugar
Gula Pasir
Granulated sugar
Halba
Fenugreek
Halia
Fresh ginger
Ikan Bawal
Pomfret
Ikan Bilis
Anchovies
Ikan Cencaru
Hardtail mackerel
Ikan Kembung
Mullet/Chubb mackerel
Ikan Kurau
Mulloway (Mah Yau Yee)
Ikan Parang
Sai Tou Yee
Ikan Pari
Stingray (Pou Yee)
Ikan Selar
Horse Mackerel
Ikan Sepat
Freshwater fish of the Gourami family
Ikan Tenggiri
Spanish Mackerel/Bonito
Ikan Tongkol
Tunny (Tuna like the Bluefin)
Jering
Pithecellobium Jiringu (Scientific name)
Jintan Manis
Fennel seed
Jintan Putih
Cumin
Kacang Botol
Four-angled bean
Kacang Panjang
Yard long beans
Kailan
Chinese broccoli
Kangkong
Water convolvulus
Kayu Manis
Cinnamon
Kelap Parut
Grated coconut
Kepah
Mussel (Lala)
Kerang
Cockles
Kerisik
Dry fried grated coconut
Ketam
Crab
Ketumbar
Coriander
Kicap Cair
Light soy sauce
Kecap Pekat
Thick soy sauce
Kim Cham
Golden needles (Dried Lily buds)
Kobis
Cabbage
Kunyit Basah
Fresh turmeric root
Lada Hitam
Black pepper
Lada Putih
White pepper
Lengkuas
Galangal
Limau Kasturi
Small lime
Lobak Merah
Carrot (Hoong Loh Bak)
Otak-otak
Grilled fish mousse
Peria
Bitter gourd (Foo Kwa)
Petai
Parkia Sepciosa (Scientific name)
Pulut
Glutinous Rice
Rebung
Bamboo shoots
Saffron
Koma-koma
Sardine
Baby pilchard
Sawi
Mustard Green (Choy Sum/Chai Sim)
Sengkuang
Yam Bean (Bangkuang/Sar Kok)
Serai
Lemon-grass
Sohoon
Glass noodles/transparent noodles (Tanghoon)
Sotong Putih
Squid (Calamari)
Sotong Rendam
Cuttlefish
Tau Chngiu
Fermented soy bean paste
Tau Jee
Fermented red bean curd (Nam Yee)
Tau Joo
Fermented white bean curd (Foo yee)
Taugeh
Bean sprouts
Taukngwa
Lightly fried bean curd cake
Tempe
Fermented soy bean cakes
Tepung Atta
Atta flour (wholemeal flour)
Tepung Beras
Rice flour
Tepung Grandum
All-purpose flour
Tepung Jagung
Corn flour
Tepung Pulut
Glutinous rice flour
Tepung Sagu
Sago flour
Terigu
Wheat grains
Terong
Eggplants (Brinjal/Aubergine)
Tim Chok Pei
Dried sweet beancurd sheet
Timun
Cucumber (Wong kwa)
Ubi Kayu
Tapioca root
Ubi Keladi
Yam (Woo Tau)
Ubi Keledek
Sweet Potato
Ubi Kentang
Potato
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