Indian Spices Glossary

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Glossary for Indian Spices

Indian Names                                 English
Ajwain                                           Carom Capticum or Bishop’s Weed
Amchur/Amchoor                             Mango Powder
Anardana                                       Pomegranate Seeds
Adrakh                                          Ginger
Ajmoda                                         Parsley
Bari elaichi                                    Large Whole Cardamom
Choti elaichi                                  Green Whole Cardamom
Copra                                           Dried Coconut
Curry Patta                                    Curry Leaf
Dalchini                                        Cinnamon
Degi Mirch                                     Paprika
Dhania                                         Coriander powder
Dhania Saboot                              Coriander Seeds
Garam Masala                               Mixed Spices
Gulab & Kewra                       Essences, Rose & Pandan
Gur                                             Jaggery
Guda                                           Coarse Brown Sugar
Hing                                            Asafoetida
Haldi                                           Turmeric
Imli                                             Tamarind
Javitri                                          Mace
Jaiphal                                         Nutmeg
Jeera                                           Cumin Seeds
Kala Namak                                  Rock Salt
Kala Zira                                      Caraway Seeds
Kali Mirch                                     Black Pepper
Kali Tulsi                                      Basil Leaf
Kalonji/Kalaunji                             Nigella Seeds, Onion Seeds
Kesar                                           Saffron
Kasoori Methi                                Dry fenugreek leaves
Kesar                                           Saffron
Khus-Khus                                    Poppy Seeds
Laal Mirch                                     Cayenne
Laung                                          Cloves
Lassun                                         Garlic
Madhu/Shahad                              Honey
Methi dana                                   Fenugreek  Seeds
Moti illaichi                                  Brown cardamom
Munakka                                      Sultanas
Naiyal                                         Coconut
Naiyal Ka Burada                          Desiccated Coconut Flakes
Naiyal Ka Dood                             Coconut Milk
Namak                                        Salt
Nimbu Kachhilka                           Lemon rind
Pahari Pudina                               Spearmint
Pudina                                        Mint
Pyaj                                           Onion
Rai                                             Mustard
Rasam Powder                             Rasam Powder
Saaput Laal Mirch                         Whole Dried Chili Peppers
Safed Mirch                                 Ground White Pepper
Safed Zira                                   White Cumin Seeds
Saunf                                         Aniseed/Fennel Seeds
Saunth/Sonth                              Ginger Powder
Shah Jeera                                  Black Cumin Seeds
Soya                                          Indian Dill
Tamater Pulp                              Tomato Puree
Tatri                                          Citric Acid
Tel                                            Oil
Tejpat                                       Bay leaf
Til                                            Sesame Seeds
Varq                                         Silver leaves
Zira                                          Cumin Seeds
Vegetables
Indian Names                                  English                                   
Alu                                            Potato
Arbi                                           Calocasia (a kind like Taro)
Baigan                                       Eggplant (Brinjal)
Bakain                                       Lilac
Patta Gobhi                                Green Cabbage
Bhindi                                        Okra (Lady’s Finger)
Bhutta                                       Corn
Challi                                         Corn Ear
Chaulai                                      Amaranthus
Chawli Bhaji                               Red Spinach
Chichinda                                   Snake Gourd
Chote Aaloo                               Baby Potatoes
Chote Tamatar                           Cherry Tomatoes
Chukander                                 Beet Root
Dhania Ka Patta                         Cilantro/Coriander Leaves
Flas Beans                                 French Beans
Gajar                                        Carrot
Ganth Gobhi                              Knolkhol
Ghiya                                       Luffa/bottle gourd
Jamikand (Elephant                    Yam
Kacchi Ambi                               Fresh Mango
Kaddu                                      Pumpkin/Marrow
Khira                                        Cucumber
Kakari                                      English Cucumber (Long)
Kama Kakdi/Bhien                      Lotus Stems
Kamrakh                                   Caramubullia
Karela                                      Bittergourd
Kathal                                      Jack fruit
Methi                                       Fenugreek
Muli/Mooli                                 Radish
Muttar                                      Peas
Nimbu                                      Lemon
Palak                                        Spinach
Petha                                       Ash Pumpkin
Phoolgobi                                 Cauliflower
Ratalu (Ordinary)                       Yam
Saaput Hari Mirch                       Whole green chili pepper
Salad Patte                               Lettuce
Sahjan Ki Phali                          Drumsticks
Sarsoan Ka Sag                          Mustard Greens
Sem                                         Bean
Shakarkund                               Sweet Potato
Shalgam                                   Turnip
Simla/Kashmiri Mirch                  Capsicum
Tamatar                                   Tomatoes
Tinda                                       White Gourds
Fruits and Nuts
Indian Names                                  English
Akhrot                                        Walnuts
Alubukhara                                  Red Plum
Alubokhara                                  Indian Prune
Amla                                          Gooseberry
Amrood                                       Guava
Anar                                           Pomegranate
Anjeer                                        Figs
Annanas                                     Pineapple
Aru                                            Peach
Badam                                       Almond
Chicku                                       Sapodilla
Chirphul                                     Teflan (Green Berries)
Dakh                                         Currant
Hara Pyaj                                   Spring Onions
Hara Angoor                               Green Grapes
Kala Angoor                                Black Grapes
Kaju                                          Cashew nuts
Kela                                          Bananas
Khajur/Khajoor                            Dates
Khumi                                        Mushrooms
Kishmish                                    Raisin
Mausambi                                   Sweet Lime
Munakka                                     Big raisin
Mungphali                                   Peanuts/Groundnuts
Nashpati                                     Pear
Papita                                        Papaya
Pishta                                        Pistachio
Seb                                           Apples
Shantara/Santra                          Orange
Sharifa                                       Custard Apple
Sukhi Khajur                               Dry Dates
Tarbuja                                      Water Melon
Rice, Pulses, Lentils and Flour
Indian Names                                  English
Atta                                          Whole Wheat Flour
Basmati Chawval                        Basmati Rice
Besan                                       Gram Flour
Chapati Ka Aata                         Chapati Flour
Channe di dal                             Gram dal
Chivda                                       Rice Flakes
Cholia/Kuthlee                            Horse Gram
Chowly                                      White Kidney Beans
Dhuli Urad dal                            Skinned Split Lentils
Gehu                                         Wheat
Jowar                                        Barley
Kabuli Channe                            Bengal Gram
Lal Rajmah                                Red Kidney Beans
Lobiya                                       Cow Gram
Maida                                       AP Flour
Makai Ka Atta                            Maize Flour
Masur dal                                  Red Lentils
Moong dal                                 Green gram
Moth                                        Brown Beans
Sevai                                       Vermicelli
Suji                                         Semolina
Toovar dal                                Tur dal
Toor dal                                   Split Pigeon Peas
Urad dal                                   Black gram dal
Bajara                                      Pearl Millet
Dairy Product
Indian Names                                  English
Dahi                                          Yogurt
Ghee                                         Clarified Butter
Khoa                                         Whole milk Fudge
Khoya/Mawa                               Dry Condensed Milk
Makhan                                      Butter
Malai                                         Fresh Cream
Paneer                                       Cottage Cheese
Meat, Seafood & Poulry
Indian Names                                  English
Gosht                                              Lamb
Machhi                                             Fish
Murgh                                              Chicken
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