Names for Fruits, Vegetables and Herbs in English and Vietnamese Languages

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Vegetables:

Amaranth - Rau Den

Angled gourd/ten-ridged gourd - Muop Khia

Asparagus - Mang Tay

Australian locust - Bo Ket

Baby bok choy/qinggengcai - Cai Thia

Bean sprouts - Gia

Beetroot/red beet - Cu Den

Bitter gourd - Kho Qua/Muop Dang

Bitter leafs - La Lot

Buffalo spinach - Ngo Om

Cabbage - Bap Cai Trang

Cauliflower - Cai Hoa

Carrot - Ca Rot

Cassava/Manioc/Tapioca - Khoai Mi/Cu San

Ceylon Spinach - Mong Toi

Chayote - Trai Su Su, Su Su

Chinese Boccoli – Cai Ro also known as Cai Lan

Chinese cabbage/Chinese Leaves - Cai Thao

Chinese celery - Can Tau

Chinese Spinach/Morning glory/Water spinach - Rau Muong

Chrysanthemum - Cai cuc/Tan O

Corn - Bap

Cucumber - Dua Leo/Dua Chuot

Daikon - Cu Cai Trang

Eggplant/aubergine (white) - Ca Phao

Eggplant/aubergine - Ca Tim

Escarole lettuce - Sa Lach cong (Da Lat) Ca Ron

Fuzzy gourd – Bi Dao

Flower of pumpkin/squash - Bong Bi Do/Bong Bi Ro

Green beans/string beans - Dau Que

Green pepper/sweet pepper - Cit Xanh Da Lat

Head lettuce - Sa Lach Bup

Horseradish/white radish - Cu Cai Trang

Jicama - Cu San/Cu Cau

Kohlrabi - Su Hao

Lotus root - Cu Sen

Lotus stalk - Ngo Sen

Mushroom - Nam

Mustard greens - Cai Xanh/Cai Canh Sen/Cai Be Xanh

Okra/Gumbo/Lady’s Finger - Dau Bap

Pak Choy - Cai Be Trang/Cai Dun

Parsley - Rau Mui Tay

Parsnip - Cay Cu Can

Potato - Khoai Tay

Pumpkin - Bi Do Nhat

Spearmint - Rau Hung Lui

Smooth Loofah/Sponge Cucumber/Sponge Gourd - Moup Huong

Snake Gourd - Kho Qua Tay/Muop Ran

Snow Pea/Manage Tout - Dau Ha Land Au Vang

Spinach - Bo soi Da Lat

Squash - bi do/bi ro

Sweet potato - khoai lang

Taro - khoai mon sap

Taro - khoai mon so

Taro leaf stem - bac ha

Tomato - ca chua

Water lily stalk/flower - ngo sung

Water mimosa - rau nhuc/rau rut/rau nhut

Watercress - sa lach son dang

Watercress - sa lach son

Wax gourd - bi xanh/bi dao

Winged bean - dau rong

Yam - Khoai mai

Yam - khoai mo

Yardlong bean - dau dua

Yellow onion - cu hanh

Fruits:

Acerola - Xe-Ri

Apple – Tao

Avocado – Bo/Le Dau

Banana – Chuoi

Bilimbi – Khe Tau

Breadfruit – Sake

Buddha’s hand - Phat Thu

Cempedak – Mit To Nu

Cherries – Anh Dao

Chinese Jujube – Tau

Coconut – Dua

Custard Apple – Mang Cau-Na

Durian - Sau Rieng

Grape – Nhon

Grapefruit – Buoi

Green Dragon Fruit -Thanh Long

Green star apple - Vu Sua

Gooseberry – Chum Ruot

Guava - Oil

Jackfruit - Mít

Jambolan – Voi Rung

Kaffir lime – Truc

Kumquat – Quat

Langsat - Bon Bon

Lemon – Chanh Tay/Chanh Num

Lime – Chanh Vo Mong

Longan - Nhan

Loquat – Ti Ba Diep/Nhot Nhat Ban

Lychee - Vai

Malay apple - Cay Dao/Cay Roi

Mandarin - Cay Quyt

Mango - Xoai

Mangosteen - mang cụt

Nectarine - Xuan Dao

Oriental Pear - Le

Papaya - Du Du

Passionfruit - Dao Tien/Qua Lac Tien

Peach - Dao

Persimmon - hong

Phuc Trach Sweet Polemo - Buoi Duong Phuc Trach

Pineapple – Dua

Pitaya - dragon fruit - Thanh long

Plantain - Chuoi Bom

Pomegranate - Lu’u

Pomelo - bưoi

Plum - Man

Rambutan - Chom Chom

Rose apple - Gioi/Man Dà Lạt

Salty preserved plums - Xi Muoi

Sapodilla - Hong Xiem/Xa-Po-Che

Soursop - Mang Cau Xiem

Spondias cytherea; see Spondias genus - Coc

Star fruit - Khe

Star apple - Vu Sua

Strawberry - Dau Tay

Sweet Orange - Cam

Sweetsop - Na/Mang Cau

Tamarind - Trai Me

Tomato - Cà Chua

Velvet apple - Hong Nhung

Water apple - Man

Water coconut - Dua-Nuoc

Watermelon - Dưa Huong

Wongi - Gang-Neo

Wood apple - Can Thang

Herbs:

Basil - Rau Que

Centella - Rau Ma

Chilies - O’t

Chinese celery - Can Tay

Chinese chives flower - He Bong

Cilantro - Rau Gai

Coriander - Ngo Ri

Crab claw herb - Cang Cua

Crinkle-leaved mint - Rau Hung Lui

Fish Mint - Rau Dap Ca

Galangal - Cu Rieng

Garlic Chili - Toi Ot

Ginger - Cu Gung

Houttuynia cordata - Giap Ca or Diep Ca

Indian borage - Hung Chanh

Japanese Mint - Rhung Que

King-guy-soy - Kinh Gioi/Canh Gioi

La mo -Tam The

Leek/green onion - Ba Ro

Lemon grass - Cay Xa

Lime leaves/Kalamansi leaves - La Lhanh

Mint - Hung Lang, Hung, Hung Lui

Pandanus/Pandan - La Dua

Perilla

Onion - Cu Hanh Tay

Rice Paddy Herb - Ngo Om

Sawtooth coriander - Ngo Gai

Scallion - Kieu

Shallot - Cu Hanh Do/Cu Hanh Nho

Spring onion - Hanh La

Tamarind - Me

Thai basil - Húng Que

Turmeric - Cu Nghe

Water hisso - Prau Dang Ruot Ga

Water drop-wort - Can Nuoc

Wild pepper - La (tieu) Lot/Tat Bat

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